What is a Workstation Computer? A computer is an electronic machine that is used for mathematical calculations. Mainly any computer is consists of two main components. One of these is the physical part while the other is logical. The physical component is consists of tangible parts and is largely known as “hardware” while the logical part is the operative instructions that are given to this hardware to perform accordingly. That logical part is developed by using some algorithm and is known as “software”.
Types of computers
Multiple different types of computers are used for different purposes by different users. These types are according to their architecture and functionality. Types of computers include:
- Super Computers
- Main Frame Computers
- Dumb Terminals
- Server Computers
- Workstation Computers
- Personal Computers
Super Computers are the largest extremely fast computers which are used to solve very complicatedly mostly scientific problems within seconds. These are not common and are just used in a few places. While the second-largest computer which is used by many big business organizations is Main Frame computers. These are the central and main source of processing and data storage.
Dumb terminals are the other end of mainframe computers that have no processing power or memory. These terminals are just used to input data by using keyboard and mouse which is transferred to the mainframe server where that data is get processed and output is displayed on the display screen of these dumb terminals. Main Frame computers and Dumb Terminals are networked computers.
The term workstation is used in two different meanings, first is termed as “WS”, which means a higher specs computer than a PC which is higher in performance and having better hardware configuration. While in other meaning, workstation term is used for a computer which is part of any Local Area Network (LAN).
Workstation is basically like a personal computer but is more powerful in processing. The term workstation is also used in a computer network environment in some other meanings. A computer network is a collection of many computers that are interlinked with one another by using some connectivity medium like physical cable or wireless fidelity commonly known as WIFI.
In a network environment, the main computer is called as the server which is a full part of a network and is used for the administration and management of network while is another part is called as a workstation which is these computer used by the common users for their work under the security domain of that particular server.
Each Workstation computer has its processor, RAM, and storage which used for its full independent working. That means workstation is nr dependent on its server for any data processing because every workstation machine has its processing resources. If we said that a workstation is the opposite of a dumb terminal than it will be perfect.
Use of workstation
The workstation can be used by one user at a time or a group of users can also use a single workstation in their way. With the help of the latest multiuser operating systems, it becomes easier to use a single workstation by multiple users when they need it.
Workstations are mainly used to run heavy applications in a network environment for the centralization of data and many other different reasons. 3D animation and graphics programs, AutoCAD, and many other heavy applications like these are executed by using workstations in a network environment or even without network.
Key Features of a workstation
The following are some features which are mostly found in a workstation and due to these features, a workstation is become separated from personal computers.
Error Correcting Code Main Memory (ERR RAM)
Main memory is the basic component of a computer. Workstation computer is equipped with ERR main memory or RAM which makes these computers more stay-able and reliable. Because this type of memory can automatically correct and fixed any memory error before affecting our system. Due to which our system is get prevented from crashes like Blue Screen errors due to main memory.
In the latest technology, instead of multiple processors, multiple cores are implemented on a single processor chip. With this, the size of the computer is got reduced due to the removal of multiple CPU sockets, and power consumption is also reduced. On the other hand, in performance, multicore CPU performance is almost equal to multiple processors because each of these cores also has its cache memory and other components. So, as many as the number of cores of CPU, as many as multitasking options on a computer. A typical workstation must support and have a multicore processor.
Faster storage is another feature of a workstation. Nowadays, in most of the workstations, non-mechanical storage is used which are electrical instead of mechanical and is in the form of memory card. This type of storage is called SSD (Solid State Drives). Due to missing mechanical parts, it is much faster to read and writes operations as of RAM.
Single or Multiple displays
A workstation must have a good quality display for displaying the output of processed data attractively. Some times more than one display panels can be attached with workstation for extended display. This feature of a workstation is also called a multi-monitor display.
High-Performance Graphics Card
High-performance Graphical Processing Unit or GPU must be the part of workstation. That graphics card can be either integrated which shares the system memory for processing of graphics or can be dedicated which has its GRAM for the processing of heavy graphics.
For the reliability and protection against data loss, workstation storage supports the Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID). RAID is a dynamic disk type in which multiple physically separated disks are bound together logically and data is saved on these all physically separated disks in the form of different parts. In case of any disk failure, maximum data can be protected from loss.
Some reliable featured, and multiuser operating systems must be installed on the workstation. The multiuser operating system is the best for workstations so that multiple users can use that particular workstation in their own way. This feature is equally good for the network environment as well as a standalone workstation.