What is the Monitor Refresh Rate? 2023

The display of a computer machine is very important for quality work. What is the Monitor Refresh Rate? Its display quality is very important whether it is a PC or laptop. Especially when you are required to use the computer or laptop for graphics designing, video editing, or playing games, graphics quality is the top priority.

As a monitor buyer, a few things are very important to know and understand before purchasing a display monitor.

To buy the best monitor for the required quality of the display, the things which are needed to consider are not the body size of the display or shape of the monitor but its Refresh rate and Contrast ratio because the quality of the display depends on these features but not on other things.

Monitor Refresh Rate – The actual definition

For a new user, knowing the Monitor Refresh rate is very important. In simple words, “refresh rate is, how many numbers of times an image gets refreshed on the screen of a monitor in one second“.

In other words, it is the frequency of refreshing an image on the monitor screen, due to which its measurement unit is also the same as frequency. The monitor refresh rate is measured as “Hertz or Hz“. For example 60Hz, 144Hz, etc.

Effects of lower Refresh rate

This is a common question as a buyer or user of any display panel: What will affect my display quality if my monitor’s refresh rate is less? The answer to this question is “flickering of the screen”.

If the monitor’s refresh rate is less than due to a slower change in the picture on the screen, the flickering of the display will occur, due to which black frames appear on the screen, and the quality of the display will be affected.

Required Refresh rate

The required refresh rate directly depends on the need and nature of the usage of the monitor. For example, the old cinema screen worked on just 24Hz, so black frames and lines were seen abundantly on that screen.

Standard old TV sets, which were worked on PAL and NTSC standards, were worked at the refresh rate of 50Hz and 60Hz, respectively.

That’s why PAL was considered a low-quality video standard while NTSC was considered a better video encoding standard only because of its refresh rate. In this way, we talked about the lowest refresh rate required for a display panel for an average-quality display is 60Hz.

Refresh Rate for HD graphics and Gaming quality Display

A high refresh rate monitor is vital to any better gaming system or high-quality graphics editing. As higher as a monitor’s refresh rate will be, the movements of objects in the game or video editing will be perfect.

While in the case of graphics designing, colours will be in their true form closest to the real. A game lover can only get the maximum level of entertainment with a high refresh rate monitor.

For such higher-end computer games144Hz refresh rate monitors are considered best. But, very latest, these 144Hz monitors are gradually becoming the story of the past because the refresh rate of the monitors is getting very high, up to 244Hz.

For casual gaming and moderate-level graphics and video editing, 100Hz refresh rate monitors are also enough.

Response Time

The screen of any monitor consists of very small box-like areas. Each of these very small areas is called a “Pixel”. Each pixel is getting bright, and collectively they brighten the screen and the images with colours. Change of screen or image colour occurs by changing the pixel’s colour.

The time required to change a pixel’s colour from one colour to another is termed “Response time”. Response time is measured as a “millisecond“. As lower as the response time will be, the quality of the monitor will be higher.

If the response time is lower, but the monitor’s refresh rate is not following it, then the quality of the display will not be better. A lower response time with a higher refresh rate of the monitor gives outstanding display quality.

Different technologies of monitors have different response times, which change the display quality of these display panels. 

TN LCD panels with poor viewing angles have a response time of up to 1 ms, while IPS display panels have good viewing angles, but the response rate can be higher at 4 ms to 8 ms.

Organic Light-Emitting Diodes, or OLEDs, have the lowest response rate, which is their advantage over LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). OLED are electronic display panels, while in LCDs, tiny liquid crystals are embedded in the screen’s surface, which moves physically.

This is the architectural difference between LCD and LED. The response rate of OLED is as lower as 0.01ms. With a higher response time, the display of monitors becomes a blur.

Changing the Refresh Rate on your computer

Changing the refresh rate of your Windows computer or laptop display is very simple and easy. First of all, we discuss the way through which you can change the refresh rate of your monitor in Windows 10.

  • The first step to do this in Windows 10 is, Right Click on the Desktop, and from the pop-upped menu, click on the option of Display Settings present near the bottom of this menu. As shown in the below image.
  • In the opened Window, scroll down and click on the option of Advanced Display Settings.
  • On the next opened Window of Advanced Display Settings, click on Display adapter properties.
  • On Display adapter properties, click on the ‘Monitor’ tab and select your appropriate refresh rate from the drop-down option of “Screen Refresh Rate”. This drop-down menu contains these refresh rates, which your display monitor supports. See the image below!

If you are a Windows 7 user, then go through the below images by which you can understand the exact and easy process of changing the refresh rate of the monitor.

Final Words

After reading this article, you become able to select the best display monitor according to your particular need by keeping all the necessary aspects. Along with this article, you must read my other article which I wrote earlier on the Contrast Ratio of monitors.

These two articles are necessary for each other to complete your knowledge about a perfect display monitor. Stay connected with me through your comments.

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